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FDA

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The United States Food and Drug Administration
Formed in 1927 as a special law enforcement agency called the Food, Drug, and Pesticides, it is the oldest government-level consumer protection agency in the United State. As a federal government agency, it establishes safety standards for medical devices, household devices, chemicals, cosmetics, food additives, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals, and takes charge of inspection, testing, and approval.
FDA's Main Responsibility
"The sale of untested products can be regulated, and necessary legal measures can be taken to stop the sale of harmful products. Also, it can sue a company for confiscation of harmful products or violating the law.  Under the Federal Drugs and Cosmetics Act, the standards of safety and purity are established, factory investigations and legal regulatory actions are carried out, and correct product information is required to be displayed according to specifications based on the Packaging and Product Labeling Act. According to the Public Health Act, the FDA can exercise supervision over vaccines and serum and can sterilize milk, and perform hygiene inspections for restaurants and lodging establishments. In addition, following the Radiation Control Act for Hygiene and Health, which was prepared to protect consumers from radioactive contamination, radiation that can be generated from products such as X-ray machines, TVs, and microwaves is also regulated."
FDA Related Research Center
* Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)
CFSAN not only regulates the safety of all foods and cosmetics consumed in the United States,
but also confirms that food is produced in a completely pure and hygienic condition and regulates to ensure that cosmetics are made of single ingredients without mixing with impurities.
To reduce the incidence of food safety accidents that occur every year, the HACCP system that analyzes and controls harmful ingredients is introduced, and it is implemented in all industries, starting with the seafood industry.

※ ※ HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) is a system for processing companies to analyze factors that may cause risks to their products to prevent the occurrence of risks and to monitor and record these control measures regularly. * Center for Drugs and Biologics (CDB)
protects and strengthens public health through regulations on microbial products, including blood, vaccines, therapeutics, and related drugs and supplies, and regulations for these products ensure purity, safety, effectiveness, usability, etc. are checked based on science and law.

* Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH)
Based on the various potential dangers of radiation, we recommend the safe use of radiation by conducting epidemiological experimental investigations and developing measurement methods and tools to evaluate radiation-emitting devices and products.
According to the safety and efficacy of medical equipment, it is classified into class I, class II, and class III to receive notification and approval before sale. It also educates consumers and manufacturers on accurate information and rationale for radiation-emitting products.

* Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM)
tests the efficacy and safety of veterinary medicines and feeds (problems of use of antibiotics), tests for drug and chemical residues for the safety of food obtained from animals, and the efficacy of drugs to be used in animal treatment.